Type 1 Diabetes

Symptoms, Types and Treatment of Type 1 Diabetes

Diabetes afflicts approximately 20,000,000 individuals in the United States at any given time. The condition causes a person to carry too much glucose in his or her bloodstream, leading to a host of other health complications. There are two types of the disorder: adult onset, also called type 2, and juvenile diabetes, referred to as type 1. Type I diabetes is virtually always caused by a deficiency of insulin that takes place when the pancreas does not produce proper levels of this essential hormone. Juvenile diabetes is diagnosed in childhood, typically before the youngster reaches the age of twelve. Type 1 diabetes symptoms include the following:

Type 1 Diabetes

Unusual Thirst and Frequent Urination

One of the most overt symptoms of juvenile diabetes is excessive urination. This symptom is particularly troublesome at night, and youngsters suffering from the disorder typically find getting out of bed approximately 2-4 times every night to urinate. Bed-wetting may also occur, depending on the child’s age. This symptom is almost always accompanied by abnormal thirst.

Extreme Hunger

A sudden spike in appetite is also among the many type 1 diabetes symptoms. This symptom is very common in juvenile diabetes, even more so than in cases of adult onset diabetes. In numerous instances, such hunger goes hand-in-hand with the compulsion to binge on starchy foods and carbohydrates.

Extreme Fatigue and Irritability

Fatigue and irritability often occur in children or adults with abnormal blood glucose levels. The person may also experience aggressiveness or mood swings, a feeling of stupor, sleepiness and listlessness.


Type I diabetes increases a person’s risk for developing a skin disorder called vitiligo. The latter is a condition that destroys the cells responsible for the skin’s pigmentation, resulting in an uneven complexion. Vitiligo usually appears on the chest and stomach, but it is possible to experience this symptom elsewhere.

Frequent Infection

Frequent infections and cuts or bruises that are slow to heal are associated with both types of diabetes. However, they are sometimes more obvious in children, as youngsters have a tendency to sustain scrapes and cuts as they play.

Type 1 Diabetes Cause

The main type 1 diabetes cause is pancreatic malfunction, but it is not yet known why this occurs. It is thought that genetics may play a role, as children with a diabetic parent are at an increased risk for the disorder. If both parents have the disease, the risk of the child developing the disorder increases even more.


Unlike adult onset diabetes, lifestyle changes and following a special diet does not control juvenile diabetes. Although those who suffer from this type of the disorder must avoid sugar, insulin is always the primary Type 1 diabetes treatment, as insulin is necessary to sustain the person’s life by preventing kidney failure and other fatal conditions. There is no type 1 diabetes cure.

Prediabetes is associated with type 2 diabetes and is characterized by blood sugar levels that are higher than normal, but not elevated enough for a diagnosis of diabetes. There is no prediabetes stage associated with juvenile diabetes, as it usually is diagnosed shortly after the pancreas begins to fail. Any parent who suspects a child is suffering from type I diabetes symptoms should have the youngster screened by a licensed healthcare professional. The sooner the disease is discovered, the better prognosis for a longer, healthier life.